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670 million people worldwide are blind or visually impaired simply because lack usage of a watch exam and eyeglasses. Many others have trouble with vision challenges or must cope with vision loss.
Improving Your Vision – A New Way of Learning

Medical Treatment
Treatment at your ophthalmologist’s office or at an emergency department will change widely, from providing you with instructions to use warm compresses on a sty or even a chalazion to taking you into emergency surgery for acute glaucoma.

Conjunctivitis: The bacterial form is helped by antibiotic eyedrops, eye ointment, and pain medication. Viral conjunctivitis (pinkeye) is commonly treated similar to bacterial conjunctivitis, as it might be difficult to differentiate between bacterial versus viral infections. Allergic conjunctivitis is normally given antihistamines, including Benadryl or non-sedating antihistamines.

Corneal abrasions and ulcerations: These are given antibiotic eye drops (to prevent infection), eye ointment, and pain medication.

Foreign body within the eye: There are different strategies to remove foreign bodies: irrigation with eye wash, removal using a cotton tip applicator, removal which has a small needle, or removal by having an ophthalmologic drill. After foreign body removal, there might be an abrasion or a rust ring (rust from a metal foreign body), which may be treated separately.

Chemical eye burns and corneal flash burns: Chemical eye burns are treated immediately with great quantities of water to scrub out your eye and anesthetic eye drops until normal degrees of acid or alkali from the eye are reached. The acid or alkali levels will likely be checked which has a special paper called pH paper. After thorough washing is complete as well as the pH is common, evaluation by an ophthalmologist is necessary for additional treatment, with regards to the extent from the chemical burn. Flash burns are treated numerous small abrasions with antibiotic eyedrops, eye ointment, and pain medication. Typically, follow up with an ophthalmologist is mandatory.
Blepharitis: You will likely be instructed to scrub the eyelid edges with mild shampoo like baby shampoo over a soft washcloth twice daily to get rid of excess oil.

Styes or chalazions: These can initially be treated conservatively by placing warm compresses, including a washcloth that has been warmed with warm water, around the eye or eyes for 15 to 20 minutes, 4x per day. An antibiotic ointment can be applied. If the chalazion does not disappear in 3 or 4 weeks, your ophthalmologist may open it up therefore the infection can drain out.

Glaucoma: Glaucoma has many treatment options depending on the type, severity, and duration of the attack. Severe glaucoma can be a true eye emergency with permanent damage to our eyes occurring within many hours. Treatment typically begins with eye drops containing a topical beta-blocker [for example, timolol (Timoptic)], a topical steroid drop, plus a pupillary constricting eyedrop; other medicines might be given intravenously or perhaps pill form. If these treatments are not able to decrease intraocular eye pressure, surgery could be considered.

Iritis: This condition could be treated with eyedrops that induce your pupils to dilate (grow) with topical steroid eyedrops. In severe cases of iritis, oral steroids might be used.
Optic neuritis: Gradual lack of vision and painful eye movement are typically indications of a disease throughout the body, which must be diagnosed and treated. Most commonly, a thorough work-up must be performed with both ophthalmologists and neurologists to determine the cause of optic neuritis.

Sinusitis: When sinusitis is decided to become a bacterial infection, it may be helped by antibiotics.

Migraines: When migraines cause eye pain, both can be given routine over-the-counter medications, including ibuprofen (Motrin) and acetaminophen (Tylenol), as well as with prescription migraine medications.

Traumatic events on the eye: Penetrating injuries on the globe from the eye are always best managed by ophthalmologists and require immediate evaluation in the emergency department.